*FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. YouTube Encyclopedic. 2 368 965. Although renowned for his skill as a soldier, Alvarado is known also for the cruelty of his treatment of native populations, and mass murders committed in the subjugation of the native peoples of Mexico. Central America. José Simeón Cañas Central American University, also known as UCA El Salvador, is a private university with nonprofit purposes in San Salvador, El Salvador, run by the Society of Jesus. In addition to Marine and Sandinista losses, one woman was wounded in the legs by fire from an automatic weapon. 1961 — 1990 Nicaraguan Revolution; El Salvador. North America is made up of Canada, the United States, Mexico, the countries of Central America, the island nations of the Caribbean, and several … In Central America, the rate is about 30 per 100 000 population. Unprecedented numbers of men, women and children are fleeing the region’s … Central America: Conflict profile. In particular, the United States feared that victory by communist forces would isolate the rest of South America from the United States if the countries of Central America were to be installed with pro-Soviet communist governments. List of conflicts in Central America Last updated April 19, 2019 Costa Rica. Much of Central America’s timberland, however, has been cleared by slash-and-burn cultivators, who move on when the soil is exhausted. Phlippine-American Wars and Conflicts During the American Occupation of the Philippines. Switzerland, Qualification of the Conflict in El Salvador. The countries of Central America have produced their own distinct forms of these genres such as Panamanian salsa, among others. In 1995, Ecuador and Peru went to war, resulting in more than a thousand deaths and injuries and significant economic loss. Seven of the ten countries with the world's highest murder rates for women are located in Central and Latin America. The Battle of Masaya took place on 19 September 1912, during the American occupation of Nicaragua of 1912—1925 and the Nicaraguan civil war of 1912. It lasted for 44 days, during which approximately 2,000 people are believed to have died. The Captaincy General of Guatemala, also known as the Kingdom of Guatemala, was an administrative division of the Spanish Empire, under the viceroyalty of New Spain in Central America, including the present-day nations of Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras, El Salvador, and Guatemala, and the Mexican state of Chiapas. Americas. Social and Environmental Conflicts in Mexico and Central America. SICA's General Secretariat is in El Salvador. The economy of Central America is the eleventh-largest economy in Latin America, behind Brazil, Mexico, Argentina, Chile and Colombia, According to the World Bank, the nominal GDP of Central America reached 204 billion US dollar in 2010, as recovery from the crisis of 2009, where gross domestic product (GDP) suffered a decline to 3.8%. Eventually, the Sandinistas were driven back, leaving eleven of their dead behind. circa 1250 — 1325 Conflict between the city-states of Tizaapan and Culhuacán ending with the Mexica driven away from Tizaapan to form Tenochtitlan in Lake Texcoco in 1325 circa 1325 — 1426 Conflict between the alliance of Tenochtitlan and Azcapotzalco against the city-state of Texcoco, ending in victory for the Tepanec empire CARECEN provides direct services in immigration, housing and citizenship while also promoting empowerment, civil rights advocacy and civic training for Latinos. The Men's Association football competition at the 2001 Central American Games took place from 22 November to 2 December at the Estadio Mateo Flores in Guatemala City. One of the well-known forms of Central American music is punta, a style innovated by the syncretic Garifunas who live across the region, in Honduras, Nicaragua, Guatemala and Belize. Central America Military Conflicts & Deaths News Monitoring. When they entered the country, they were murdered. The Contadora Group was an initiative launched in the early 1980s by the foreign ministers of Colombia, Mexico, Panama and Venezuela to deal with the Central American crisis, which were threatening to destabilize the entire Central American region. Federal Republic of Central America Independence and annexation by the Mexican Empire, Retalhuleu, Suchitepéquez, Quetzaltenango, Totonicapán and El Quiché, Battle of Zapotitlán, Spanish victory over the K'iche', First battle of Quetzaltenango results in the death of the K'iche' lord Tecun Uman, Spanish under Pedro de Alvarado raze Q'umarkaj, capital of the K'iche', Spanish enter Iximche and ally themselves with the Kaqchikel, Spanish defeat the Tz'utujil in battle on the shores of Lake Atitlán, Pedro de Alvarado defeats the Pipil of Panacal or Panacaltepeque near Izcuintepeque, Pedro de Alvarado defeats the Xinca of Atiquipaque, Iximche declared first colonial capital of Guatemala, Kaqchikel abandon Iximche and break alliance, The Poqomam capital falls to Pedro de Alvarado, Zaculeu, capital of the Mam, surrenders to Gonzalo de Alvarado y Contreras after a lengthy siege, Spanish captains sent by Alvarado conquer Chiquimula, Spanish abandon their capital at Tecpán Guatemala, Ixil and Uspantek surrender to the Spanish, Juan de León y Cardona founds San Marcos and San Pedro Sacatepéquez, First reductions of the Chuj and Q'anjob'al, Franciscan missionaries arrive at Nojpetén, capital of the Itzá, Further missionary expeditions to Nojpetén, Reduction of San Mateo Ixtatán and Santa Eulalia, Melchor Rodríguez Mazariegos leaves Huehuetenango, leading an expedition against the Lacandón, Franciscan friar Andrés de Avendaño attempts to convert the Itzá, Spanish expeditions leave simultaneously from Cobán, San Mateo Ixtatán and Ocosingo against the Lacandón, Andrés de Avendaño forced to flee Nojpetén, Nojpetén falls to the Spanish after a fierce battle. The overarching term "Maya" is a collective designation to include the peoples of the region that share some degree of cultural and linguistic heritage; however, the term embraces many distinct populations, societies and ethnic groups that each have their own particular traditions, cultures and historical identity. Throughout the second half of the twentieth century, the United States often pursued it's interests through puppet governments and the elite classes, who tended to ignore the demands of the peasant and working class. US politics. 135 144 Latin American Revolutions: Crash Course World History #31 American Imperialism: Crash Course US History #28 El Salvador War Documentaries. The Northern Triangle of Central America is one the most dangerous region for women. Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, Retalhuleu, Suchitepéquez, Quetzaltenango, Totonicapán and El Quiché, Battle of Zapotitlán, Spanish victory over the K'iche', First battle of Quetzaltenango results in the death of the K'iche' lord Tecun Uman, Spanish under Pedro de Alvarado raze Q'umarkaj, capital of the K'iche', Spanish enter Iximche and ally themselves with the Kaqchikel, Spanish defeat the Tz'utujil in battle on the shores of Lake Atitlán, Pedro de Alvarado defeats the Pipil of Panacal or Panacaltepeque near Izcuintepeque, Pedro de Alvarado defeats the Xinca of Atiquipaque, Iximche declared first colonial capital of Guatemala, Kaqchikel abandon Iximche and break alliance, The Poqomam capital falls to Pedro de Alvarado, Zaculeu, capital of the Mam, surrenders to Gonzalo de Alvarado y Contreras after a lengthy siege, Spanish captains sent by Alvarado conquer Chiquimula, Spanish abandon their capital at Tecpán Guatemala, Ixil and Uspantek surrender to the Spanish, Juan de León y Cardona founds San Marcos and San Pedro Sacatepéquez, First reductions of the Chuj and Q'anjob'al, Reduction of Topiltepeque and Lakandon Ch'ol, Franciscan missionaries arrive at Nojpetén, capital of the Itzá, Further missionary expeditions to Nojpetén, Reduction of San Mateo Ixtatán and Santa Eulalia, Melchor Rodríguez Mazariegos leaves Huehuetenango, leading an expedition against the Lacandón, Franciscan friar Andrés de Avendaño attempts to convert the Itzá, Spanish expeditions leave simultaneously from Cobán, San Mateo Ixtatán and Ocosingo against the Lacandón, Andrés de Avendaño forced to flee Nojpetén, Nojpetén falls to the Spanish after a fierce battle, 1823 — 1838 Federal Republic of Central America Independence and annexation by the Mexican Empire, 1896 — 1898 Greater Republic of Central America. 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